Category Archives: Organization Culture

OKR Design Patterns For Successful Implementation

design pattern is a general repeatable solution to a commonly occurring problem. In the context of OKR (Objective & Key Results)  many companies fail at the implementation stage as to how to arrange the OKR’s in a way that can lead to successful implementation and adoption of the framework.

This challenge will come to you when you have understood the basics of OKR and probably have read a couple of books and articles on the subjective. When implementing the OKR in your company, you need to remember that the organization is not made of different parts and pieces but it’s a complex adaptive system. And this system is run by people who have different motives and need to be satisfied at gut, mind and heart level. Any change we bring into the system needs to be carefully thought through.

The question here we are trying to answer is how you will arrange the OKR’s in your hierarchical complex system. There are 4 basic design patterns which can be applied to implement OKR’s

  1. Silo Pattern
  2. Team-based OKR Pattern
  3. Top-to-bottom flow pattern
  4. Top-3-level flow pattern

1. Silo Pattern: Each individual owns the objective and all the keys results are owned by the objective owner herself. Its simple to implement and easy to modify but again encourages silos in the company.

OKR

2. Team-Based OKR Pattern: Its different from silo pattern in a way that the Key Result are either owned by (a) objective owner reports(team members working under objective manager). Or the Key Result are owned by someone else working under a different manager,  but working with the Objective owner to achieve that Objective.

3. Top-to-bottom Cascade Pattern: In explaining this pattern (which means a way to arrange OKR’s) I am assuming that your company has 4 level hierarchy. This OKR design pattern connects the top level execution agenda with the bottom level execution. This means that the agenda of execution is cascaded down till the last mile of the company. But it also assumes that most of the execution is taken care by the bottom layer of the company.

OKR

4. Top-3-level Cascade Pattern: Again assuming that your company has 4 level hierarchy. In this OKR pattern, we connect top 3 levels of the company and cascading stops at the 3rd level of the company. And the 4th level will have their OKR’s based on silo pattern. It is based on the understanding that if the top 3 levels of the company are in sync then we will have a better flow of the agenda.

OKR

If you are struggling to implement the OKR successfully, we will be happy to have a conversation with you and help you in achieving success in OKR implementation. Feel free to drop mail talk[at]qilotech[dot]com

 

Preparing your company for next level of growth

As a CEO/Founder, you have already taken your company from point A to point B. You have survived the initial 2 to 5 years of journey to build a company. Now you clearly understand what kind of people will be able to work with you and in your company, and most importantly you are revenue positive too.

Now it time to scale your company and take it from point B to point C. And this kind of scaling comes with its own kind of challenges. It’s the time you must bring in more experts inside your company especially at the leadership and mid-managerial positions. And most importantly, allow them to run the show on your behalf. Since people will be executing things on your behalf and you will move from PUSH to PULL mode of execution, you must invest heavily in the organization, people efficiency & effectiveness. The 3 most important work areas for you apart from arranging capital to support execution are

  1. Hiring right kind of people.
  2. Constantly aligning People beyond Leadership with your Strategic and Annual Business Plan.
  3. Investing in people efficiency and effectiveness.

1. Hiring right kind of people

Hiring the right people is the core of every business. It makes sense to outsource your hiring if you choose to remain small. To grow your business from point B to C, you need more people.

It starts with investing in the right kind of talent acquisition team who will be in charge of hiring the right people for you.  And making sure your existing people are accountable for hiring the right people. And make your talent acquisition team accountable for hiring the people with right kind of behaviors.

The first step of hiring the right kind of people is to create the data-driven process of hiring. You create the Interview Score Cards which are easy to be understood by employees who are hiring on your behalf. These interview scorecards are created for each department separately.  Even if you don’t want to score people, just identify the required skills and required behaviors specific to your company and mark it yes and no.

Interview Scorecard

Skill/Competency Score by

Team member 1

Score by

Team member 2

Skill-1
Skill-2
Skill-3
Skill-4
Behaviors
Behavior – 1
Behavior – 2
Behavior – 3
Behavior – 4

 

Example : Hiring a Sales Manager

Skill/Competency Score by

Team member 1

Score by

Team member 2

Ability to hiring the Sales People
Ability to train the new Sales People
Ability to pitch the product/service with clarity
Negotiation Skills
Ability to Build Relationships
Behaviours
Realistic and Rational
Open Minded/Open to Change
Ability to Learn new things
Disciplined to the core
  1. Constantly aligning People beyond Leadership with your Strategic and Annual Business Plan

Probably Strategic Business Plan and Annual Business Plan(also called Annual Operating Plan) are big jargonish words for you. Many first-time entrepreneurs & CEO’s don’t understand them, and many feel that it’s a corporate company thing.

Strategic Business Plan(SBP) is about what you as the founder(s) & CEO want to achieve in next 3 to 5 years. Its about what point “C” looks like. If you don’t want to put in detailed SBP, you can simply put in place 3 to 5 statements indicating what as a company you want to achieve in the next 3 to 5 years. Draft these statements and get these statements validated by your leadership team.

Annual Business Plan(Also called Annual Operating Plan) is about how as a company you have to performance in a particular financial year to meet your Strategic Business Plan. Many companies break down their revenue targets till sales executive level and think they are done with it.

And many do create a plan beyond achieving sales number during their annual offsite; but post that CEO struggles to see the action plan and execution on that action plan. Here is a quick step-by-step process to set your Annual Operating Plan and to make sure execution happen on that plan.

  1. Before annual offsite, share the 3 to 5 statements that describe what needs to be achieved in that financial year. These 3 to 5 statements should be linked(aligned) with your strategic business priorities.
  2. Validate these annual priority statements with your team before going to onsite.
  3. While you are preparing for the offsite,  ask the team now to come up with 1 to 5 projects & goals for the next 3 to 6 months that will help the company to achieve these annual priorities.
  4. During the offsite, the entire leadership team validates those projects. And put in place the action plan & milestones to achieve those projects & goals.
  5. Post offsite, leadership team discuss, validate and correct these projects with their respective teams. And put this plan in action for execution.

Though this sounds simple, making sure that the team remain focused on drafting the projects and milestones to achieve those projects. You need to put a person in charge who will own this entire end to end process & activity. Usually, this person has a very good understanding of your business horizontally and to whom rest of the team members will listen to.

Frameworks like Objective and Key Results (OKR)  can help you in achieving how to creating the strategic and annual plan and how to link people and execution with this plan.

  1. Investing in people efficiency and effectiveness

This is the part where most of the CEO fails to do a good job. And end up hiring the team of consultants/guru who end up giving you ready to eat meals which probably don’t work for your company. Organization effectiveness and efficiency is majorly about:

  • 3. a) Properly defining the business KPI’s & Projects to achieve your achieve your Annual Business Plan.And then making sure execution happens on to achieve those KPIs and Projects.
  • 3.b) Investing in tools that enhance productivity and get work done.
  • 3.c) Enhancing leadership capabilities through training or workshops

3.a) Properly define the business KPI’s and Project:

Most employees hate taking accountability towards what needs to be achieved by them in a company. And most managers take the decision of who is making progress and who is not based on perception; not on data. When the company invest time in setting up the process to define KPI’s and projects to achieve execution properly, it enhancing decision making, transparency from top to bottom and reduces biases between teams and across the company.

3.b) Investing in processes and tools to enhance productivity: The next question to answer is what kind of tools are required by employees so that it can enhance & accelerate the execution on business KPI’s and Projects to be executed. Many companies invest time in drafting a plan, but only a few invest time and resources in making sure that the plan gets executed. At company level you primarily need 3 kinds of tools :

  • One that enhances execution on your Business KPI’s and Projects. Example: CRM’s, Project Management tools, Goal-setting tools, Task management tools.
  • Second is that help the company in enhancing customer centricity. Example: Tools to measure customer satisfaction, tools to listen to customer voice/opinions and tools to provide awesome customer support.
  • Third are tools that reduce administrative work. Example: Financial Support Systems, HRMS etc.

Not all listed tools are required immediately. You need to decide which tools are more important and which can be implemented later. Another important point here is, many of these tool implementations fail for many companies. This happens because of many reasons. I am listing down few of them for you:

  • Company is not able to define the requirement clearly and you end up buying something which doesn’t fulfill your need.
  • An Owner and internal champions are not defined who is responsible for successful implementation.
  • Vendor is not helping the company to identify their requirements.
  • Company doesn’t go into the detail on evaluating the tool in detail and don ask the right question.
  • A UAT (User Acceptance testing) is not done properly against the requirement before rolling out to the larger audience.
  • Not leveraging vendor expertise in implementing solution successfully.
  • Owner of implementation is more bothered about her learning from the implementation than successful implementation.

3.c) Enhancing your leadership capabilities through training or workshops

The first few training or brainstorming sessions you need to invest are in:

  • Visioning Workshops
  • Team Alignment workshop
  • Building accountability across company workshop

Visioning: In a 1996 HBR article, James Collins and Jerry Porras showed that companies with a strong sense of vision had outperformed the others in the stock market by a factor of 12 since 1925! Vision reflects what we care most about and is derived from our sense of purpose and values. It provides meaning, attracts commitment, and focuses human energy by drawing on our deepest yearnings in striving towards a purposeful goal. Visions provide a clear, easily understood image of a better future. Strong visions inspire employees. They embody values & behaviors, provide people in the company the purpose, and direct them to what will be different and distinctive.

Team Alignment : The biggest challenge we have seen while implementing qilo is that of alignment towards the annual and long-term goals of the company. A simple test of this is to “ask your employees what are the 3 to 4 things the company wants to achieve in this financial year”.  Almost 80% people in the company fail to answer this. This is CEO and leadership failure, not employee failure. With alignment workshop, focus on communicating what company wants to achieve and help people align their work with CEO’s agenda.

Accountability workshop: Accountability means I will deliver the expected results from me, come what may. I will collaborate with people across teams and will not wait to be lead by someone to get work done. Building the behavior of accountability is far more difficult. And that the reason companies prefer people from top institutes and people with the excellent academic record because it shows that the likelihood of this person being accountable for execution is very high. But every company doesn’t have access to these people, and the best way to build this behavior is to constantly communicate about the importance of the same across the company.

Summary

  1. Invest in setting up the strong process and people who hire on your behalf.
  2. State your strategic business priorities in 3 to 5 statements.
  3. Draft 3 to 5 statements that will summarize your annual business plan. And link these statements with your strategic business plan statements.
  4. Invest in enhancing your leadership capabilities. And invest to set up processes and tool to enhance people productivity.

Too busy for Strategic Thinking and Execution?

In one of the articles published in HBR -96% of leaders believe that strategic thinking and execution will help them grow.

Then what is the reason for not investing time in?

My 2 cents;

  • Integration of Strategic Execution with Daily ops. At business we follow various review mechanisms daily, weekly, monthly, quarterly etc. but with what agenda? We normally discuss, what we all know and pass the buck to the less informed. This agenda distorts the larger picture. Strategy execution is a process that does not work like instant noodles. Ensure that during the reviews ask for progress on strategic projects and set accountability in execution for the same and remember at every instance keep on reiterating the Larger purpose and picture.

 

  • Fear of conflicts – Every leader wants to be liked by all and try’s avoids conflicts with peers and subordinates. Who will bell the cat? Why should I spoil my relationship? Keeps on popping up at the subconscious levels. While framing a strategic plan or monitoring execution someone has to ask tough questions! Do not let your team be a mutual admiration society. Do not let the fear of conflicts affect the growth agenda of the organisation.

 

  • I am too busy syndrome– in organisations, if you don’t act busy; you are perceived not to contributing to the business. Our calendars are packed like vacation bags (where do I find additional space). Hundred of mails to respond, of which 90% of them are in CC. Take a deep breath, and ask how many of them are relevant? The reality is we just don’t want to step out of our comfort i.e. daily execution and think and answer what we are executing, is it contributing to the larger picture?

 

  • Gap between thinkers and doers. Many organisations have this funny thing, create the strategy plan without consulting with people who are executing it. And then the entire year the executors focus will be to tell how shoddy the plan is and the reason why it cannnot be achieved. While the creators keeps on harping on the incapability of teams teams to execute the desired. And the CEO sitting in the corner tearing his hair apart … funny isn’t it.

 

  • Unable to answer what is in it for me – The most difficult question that the CEO has to address to the team members is what’s in it for me is it Money, Gratification, Growth? Or it’s something else like connecting them with your purpose and making them part of achieving it. Do not have the answer, let’s not discuss this.

 

  • The big C – Culture eats strategy for breakfast lunch and dinner. If your orgnisation is suffring from a traders syndrom you need to act fast and like NOW! If your teams belive that creating a stategy execultion plan is a checklist then you will never be able to achive growth. It is a business imparitive that you build a culture, which creates, compete, controls and collaborates. How? in the next blog .. till them happy reading ..

Next time someone when comes to discuss the large agenda or have a plan – take out time to discuss and give importance !! Even if it is crap, appreciate the behavior of people taking initiatives.

https://www.qilotech.com/strategic-planning-and-execution-software

 

 

Are you failing to Execute your Strategic Projects

It’s the department heads and teams under them who takes care of executing companies strategic projects (strategy execution). And these strategic projects are the ones which will in-turn drive companies growth in future. And most of the time these strategic projects & goals are delayed because of the number of reasons. The CEO’s/PMO office struggles to get the work done on these strategic projects; forget about getting them done faster. “Capitalizing on time is the critical source of competitive advantage”.And most of the time, execution is delayed because:

a) No one is focused on how we can shorten the planning loop. Defining -What needs to be done, -How it will be done and -Who will be accountable takes too much time. And the processes & endless meetings take over the actual work to be done.

b) Companies fail to answer “What’s in for me” for the people involved in executing the strategic projects.

In this post, let’s focus more on answering point (b) here – “What’s in for me”.  If as a company, you can answer this question for your people-especially those who are involved in executing these strategic initiatives and projects that “how failed execution is going to impact their growth in the company”, half of the battle is won. This is what Infosys, one of the most respected IT services companies in India did recently.

Infosys has struggled to keep pace with changing times of IT outsourcing model and recent changes in top leadership have lowered the confidence of all the stakeholders in the company. As per a recent article in one of the leading newspapers, now Infosys has linked their leadership performance & bonus directly with the successful execution of companies growth agenda and strategy execution; which is driving revenue from the digital services. Digital services mean providing software services in the area of cloud computing, analytics, IoT, and machine learning. The entire article is worth reading, but the most important line is “measuring growth in digital as a component of executive compensation is a good way to ensure alignment with stakeholder expectations”. 

If you are not as big as Infosys, but still thinking about applying the same concept of linking your people performance with your strategic project execution, here you get one more validation about your idea. But if the thought is that these big company things are not for your company, think again. Or you probably have tried to apply it in your company, but have failed( in this case, qilo can help you).

If your company is also struggling to grow your revenue in your new line of business OR want to introduce a new product/service to market OR want to take your existing product/service to new territories. And your company also fails to go to the next level of growth because your team and department head not taking ownership of your growth agenda with best best strategic planning & execution of projects. If that’s the struggle, then link your team performance & bounces with the execution of your strategic projects. And make sure that this entire performance measurement is data-driven and quantifiable in nature.

Another very important point highlighted in the above article that out of 3 business priorities which are assigned to Infosys’s CEO “Revenue”, “Margin” and “Organization Effectiveness & Development”, how many resources & budget have you put in against enhancing your “Organization Effectiveness & Development”. Taking your company from point B to point C needs investment in enhancing your team capabilities, especially when you cannot have access to the talent which Infosys has.

Summary

  1. Someone if the company should be continuously focused on shortening the planning loop to define WHAT, HOW AND WHO of your strategic growth projects.
  2. Linking the part(please note I am saying only part) of your team compensation with the execution of your strategic growth projects will ensure that your people get the message straight.
  3. Investing in your “Organization Effectiveness & Development” often takes back seat among other top priorities of driving “Revenue” and “Margins”. But your journey of growth will get unlocked only when you invest your resources in your “Organization Effectiveness & Development” too.

How close is your brand to Consumers?

As a leader you should ask this question, is your brand working hard for you while you are busy making business presentations?

A brand is the sum of experiences you are providing to your consumer in the entire lifecycle. At each stage, there is an expectation from the consumer, if you are meeting 10/10 then you have the consumer as your advocate, if not you may have to struggle to retain your consumer.

India has been a customer acquisition market because of its size and population. We do not take customer engagement seriously, more so when it comes to giving experience. The focus is always been on acquiring, acquiring and acquiring more even if you are unable to give value or service to the consumer.

The mindset has to change. Today the customer is more empowered and has choices if you do not have a secret ingredient – then why should someone buy you? There are more like you in the market. You are just like a commodity and the only differentiator is your pricing and placement, not your brand!!

So what to do? Call your advertising agency- NO! Try this dipstick

Align – Brand journey starts inward outward. Each and every stakeholder in your company from Management, Sales, HR, Finance, IT, Admin, is your touching your customer directly or indirectly – ask them 3 questions

  1.  Why do we exist?
  2. What value we bring to our consumer
  3. What role do you play in achieving that agenda

If you get a clear and unified answer from each of your function,

  • Give a pat on your back
  • If NO, then you are barking at the wrong tree

Customer experience is not owned by one department, it is owned by the organizations. If you use OKR or Hoshin try incorporating this and see how aligned your teams are.

If you get this right see how growth unlocks, it sounds simple but it that elephant which is moving in your office yet no one sees apart from you !!!

https://www.qilotech.com/strategic-planning-and-execution-software

7 Steps to achieve success in OKR Implementation

OKR is a management tool to drive execution on your annual operating plan and strategic priorities.  This goal-setting framework is different from the tradition KRA/KPI goals in a way that the starting point of OKR is your CEO/Company goals, not Job Descriptions and Roles.

Photo by Štefan Štefančík on Unsplash

While in theory, the OKR framework looks good, but many companies fail to implement the OKR successfully. Here I am sharing the 7 steps we believe and have seen are critical for successful implementation:

  1. Be brutally honest about why you want to implement OKR?   Is it only because Google or Intel has implemented it? Or is it because your existing business KPI’s are sitting in silos and/or your annual goal-setting exercise is a checklist activity and doesn’t add any value to company growth and setting accountability at work?
  2. Create a core leadership team for implementation. This team should consist of 3 members  (1) CEO (2) Strategy Head/Corporate Planning Head/COO/Marketing Head (3) HR Head. This team should be the one who has the horizontal understanding of your business and company.  And this is the team who will drive and manage the change of implementing OKR across the company.
  3. Get your CXO’s and managers OKR ready: Getting ready for OKR means imparting the training to managers and business heads about what is OKR, how it’s different from traditional KRA/KPI’s, and how it will help the company achieve required focus, alignment and accelerated execution. The primary focus of this training should be to enable the manager to come up with their own OKR’s . Don’t try to push the OKR’s from the top. You should just be supplying the guiding force and contours under which OKR should be created.
  4.  Set the OKR cycle:  The guiding literature around the internet suggest and promote quarterly OKR’s. Which should be the case if your company is disciplined and ready to put the effort at the start of every quarter to create OKR’s. But to start with, we at qilo recommend the 6-month cycle approach. For the first time, set OKR’s for the next 6 months, observer the adoption, quality of OKR and then reduce the cycle frequency to quaterly.
  5.  Set OKR format and timeliness to share the OKR’s : Even if you involve your company in the entire process, people still will forget to share their OKR’s internally. A good format is simple yet powerful in a way that to forces people to make a write inspirational Objectives and quantifiable Key Results. Pro tip: Setting a quantifiable Key result is the key to successful implementation. Your training should help your managers and employee to put in more quantifiable key results that push people to go beyond what they can achieve at ease.
  6.  Communicate the review frequency up-front: This again depends and directly linked with the  OKR cycle.  If your OKR cycle is quarterly, close the cycle with OKR review and probably in the same review, ask the manager and employee to come up with their next quarter OKR’s.
  7. Answer what’s in for me from an employee perspective:  At employee end, what works is (a) greed- the greed of going to the next level and earning more money (b) to bring meaning to their work. As a company when you implement OKR, it can help you to achieve both.

Implementing OKR by taking it as the guiding principle. And the beautiful thing about OKR is it much more meaningful for company, managers, and employees, help you to bring accountability at work and accelerate execution. But remember, what works for other companies might not work for you. You can and should always customize it based on your requirement.

Read this post to check why OKR implementation fails